Helpful Info On Haiti

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What happened:

Magnitude 7.0

* Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC
* Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 04:53:10 PM at epicenter

Location 18.457°N, 72.533°W
Depth 13 km (8.1 miles) set by location program
Distances 25 km (15 miles) WSW of PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti
130 km (80 miles) E of Les Cayes, Haiti
150 km (95 miles) S of Cap-Haitien, Haiti
1125 km (700 miles) SE of Miami, Florida

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The History of Haiti
• Spanish Discovery and Colonization • Boyer: Expansion and Decline
• French Colonialism • Decades of Instability, 1843-1915
• French Settlement and Rule • United States Occupation, 1915-34
• Colonial Society • Politics and the Military, 1934-57
• Slave Rebellion of 1791 • François Duvalier, 1957-71
• Toussaint Louverture • Jean-Claude Duvalier, 1971-86
• Independence of Haiti • List of Haitian Presidents
• Christophe’s Kingdom and Pétion’s Republic • The Constitution of Haiti

Haitian Revolution

Inspired by the French Revolution and principles of the rights of men, free people of color and slaves in Saint-Domingue and the French and West Indies pressed for freedom and more civil rights. Most important was the revolution of the slaves in Saint-Domingue, starting in the heavily African-majority northern plains in 1791. In 1792 the French government sent three commissioners with troops to try to reestablish control. They began to build an alliance with the free people of color who wanted more civil rights. In 1793, France and Great Britain went to war, and British troops invaded Saint-Domingue. The execution of Louis XVI heightened tensions in the colony. To build an alliance with the gens de couleur and slaves, the French commissioners Sonthonax and Polverel abolished slavery in the colony. Six months later, the National Convention led by the Jacobins endorsed abolition and extended it to all the French colonies.

This "Haitian Beauty" Painting and for more info

Toussaint l’Ouverture, a former slave and leader in the slave revolt –a man who rose in importance as a military commander because of his many skills – achieved peace in Saint-Domingue after years of war against both external invaders and internal dissension. Having established a disciplined, flexible army, l’Ouverture drove out not only the Spaniards but also the British invaders who threatened the colony. He restored stability and prosperity by daring measures which included inviting the return of planters and insisting that freed men work on plantations to renew revenues for the island. He also renewed trading ties with Great Britain and the United States. In the uncertain years of revolution, the United States played both sides, with traders supplying both the French and the rebels.

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